Slam Method Cyber Security: How I Deal With Phishing Emails Like a Pro

black laptop computer, email inbox, SLAM method cyber security

Ever get that itchy feeling opening an email? Like something’s just…off? Maybe the sender’s name looks a little funky, or the “too-good-to-be-true” offer sets off alarm bells. That itch is your internal SLAM method cyber security alarm blaring, warning you of a potential phishing attack.

I’ve been there. I remember once opening an email supposedly from my bank, urging me to update my account details.

Something felt fishy (pun intended!), so I took a closer look and, sure enough, it was a scam. That’s when I discovered the power of the SLAM method in cyber security.

The SLAM method is my secret weapon for spotting and dealing with those phishy emails. It’s a simple, four-step process that anyone can use to analyze emails and determine if they’re legitimate or malicious.

SLAM stands for Sender, Links, Attachments, and Message.

S=Sender, L=Links, A=Attachments, M=Message

By systematically evaluating each of these elements, you can quickly identify the telltale signs of a phishing scam and protect yourself from falling victim.

In this article, I’ll share my personal experience with the SLAM method and break down each step in detail.

You’ll learn how to spot the red flags, analyze suspicious emails like a pro, and slam the door on those phishing attempts before they can do any damage.

SLAM Method Cyber Security: The Anatomy of a Phishing Email

Before we explore the SLAM method itself, let’s dissect the anatomy of a typical phishy email. Understanding the common red flags is key to recognizing these scams before they hook you.

Phishy Red Flags:

• Urgent or Threatening Tone

Phishing emails often try to create a sense of panic or urgency, pushing you to act quickly without thinking.

Look out for phrases like “Your account will be closed,” “Urgent action required,” or “Your security has been compromised.”

This is part of an email, that our research team received team some times back. Is it legitimate or phishy?

• Generic Greetings

Legitimate companies usually personalize their emails. Phishing emails often use generic greetings like “Dear Customer” or “Valued Member.”

• Requests for Personal Information

No reputable company will ever ask you to provide sensitive information (passwords, Social Security numbers, credit card details) via email.

Recommended: Data Breaches

• Misspellings and Grammatical Errors

While not always the case, many phishing emails originate from non-native English speakers and contain errors that a legitimate company would likely catch.

• Suspicious Links

Hover your mouse over any links in the email (without clicking!). If the URL looks strange or doesn’t match the company’s website, it’s likely a phishing link.

• Unexpected Attachments

Be wary of unsolicited attachments, especially if they have unusual file extensions. They could contain malware.

SLAM Method Cyber Security: My Four-Step Defense

Now that we’ve identified the telltale signs of a phishing email, let’s dive into the SLAM method itself. This four-step approach is your ultimate defense against these scams:

1. Sender (S): Verify the Identity

The first step in SLAM method cyber security is to scrutinize the sender. Don’t just glance at the name; take a closer look at the email address itself.

Is it from a legitimate domain that matches the company’s website? Are there any misspellings or unusual characters?

If you’re unsure, do a quick Google search of the sender’s email address to see if it’s associated with any known scams.

For the more tech-savvy among you, checking the email header can provide additional clues. The header contains detailed information about the email’s origin and path.

Look for inconsistencies between the sender’s name and the actual email address in the header.

Moz account activation email, slam method cyber security
Screenshot of Moz account activation. By all indication, this looks legitimate

2. Links (L): Don’t Click, Investigate!

Never click on links directly in an email, even if they appear to be from a trusted source.

Instead, hover your mouse over the link (without clicking) to see the actual URL it’s directing you to. Does it match the legitimate website of the company? If not, it’s a red flag.

If you absolutely must visit the link, type it manually into your browser or use a trusted link-checking website to verify its safety.

To effectively deal with links, I highly recommend you read one of my recent articles on how spot to dangerous URLs.


You can also use sandbox to safely check URLs. This article will guide you how to install sandbox on windows and how to use it.

3. Attachments (A): Handle with Care

Be extremely cautious with email attachments, especially if you weren’t expecting them. If you decide to open an attachment, scan it with your antivirus software first.

In case you’re unsure about the safety of an attachment, it’s best to err on the side of caution and delete it.

4. Message (M): Read Between the Lines

Finally, analyze the content of the email itself.

Does it sound like something the sender would actually write? Are there any inconsistencies, grammatical errors, or unusual requests? Phishing emails often create a sense of urgency or fear to manipulate you into taking action.

Trust your gut feeling. If something seems off, it probably is.

By following these four steps, you can confidently apply the SLAM method to any email you receive and protect yourself from the ever-evolving threat of phishing scams.

Remember, it’s always better to be safe than sorry when it comes to your cyber security.

SLAM Method Cyber Security in Action: A Step-by-Step Walkthrough

Let’s put the SLAM method into practice with a real-world scenario. Imagine you receive the following email:

From: PayPal Service <>

Dear Valued Customer,

We have detected unusual activity on your PayPal account. To secure your account, please click on the following link to verify your information:

Failure to verify your account within 24 hours may result in suspension of your PayPal services.

Thank you for your cooperation.


PayPal Security Team

Now, let’s apply the SLAM method to this email:

#1. Sender (S): The sender’s name looks legitimate, but the email address is suspicious. It’s coming from “,” not the official PayPal domain. Red flag!

#2. Links (L): Hovering over the link reveals a suspicious URL that doesn’t match the official PayPal website. Another red flag!

#3. Attachments (A): There are no attachments in this email.

#4. Message (M): The message creates a sense of urgency, a common tactic used in phishing emails. Additionally, PayPal would never ask for sensitive information via email.

Based on my SLAM analysis, I’m confident this is a phishing scam. I would immediately delete the email and report it to PayPal.

Remember, phishing scams can be very convincing.

You wish to read more about fraud and scams? I recommend you explore this article.

The attackers often use sophisticated tactics to mimic legitimate companies and create a sense of urgency. That’s why it’s crucial to apply the SLAM method to every email you receive, even if it seems to be from a trusted source.

SLAM Method Cyber Security: Assessment

I’ve provided you with two email samples: Email 1 and Email 2. Perform SLAM analysis on each email.

From your analysis, state whether phishing or not phishing. Finally, state the action required in each case.

Email 1

From: Netflix Billing <>

Dear Netflix Member,

We were unable to process your last payment for your Netflix subscription.

Please update your payment information to avoid service interruption.

We apologize for any inconvenience this may cause.


The Netflix Team

Email 2:

Dear Jane Doe,

We’re writing to let you know that your Netflix membership is scheduled for renewal on 1st May, 2024. Your next payment of $10 USD will be charged to the payment method on file.

If you’d like to update your payment information or make any changes to your plan, you can do so by visiting your account page at

Thank you for choosing Netflix!


The Netflix Team

Beyond SLAM: Additional Tips for Enhanced Cyber Security

While the SLAM method is a powerful tool for identifying phishing emails, it’s just one piece of the puzzle.

Here are some additional tips to bolster your defenses:

#1. Email Filters

Most email providers offer spam filters that automatically divert suspicious emails to a separate folder.

Make sure yours is enabled and adjust its settings to filter out as many phishing attempts as possible.

Google has written an extensive article on how to create email filters. Find the article HERE.

#2. Security Software

Antivirus and anti-phishing software can add an extra layer of protection. These tools can scan emails and websites for known threats, blocking them before they reach you.

#3. Strong Passwords and Two-Factor Authentication (2FA)

Use strong, unique passwords for all your online accounts and enable 2FA whenever possible.

This adds an extra layer of security, requiring a code from your phone or another device to log in, even if someone has your password.

Password Security: Is Length or Complexity More Important?

#4. Keep Software Updated

Software updates often include security patches that fix vulnerabilities hackers could exploit. Keep your operating system, web browser, and other software up-to-date.

#5. Be Wary of Public Wi-Fi

Avoid accessing sensitive information (e.g., bank accounts, email) on public Wi-Fi networks, as they are often less secure.

Use a VPN (Virtual Private Network) if you must connect to public Wi-Fi.

#6. Report Phishing Attempts: If you receive a phishing email, report it to the company being impersonated and to your email provider.

You can also report it to the Anti-Phishing Working Group (APWG) at

Report phishing screenshot, slam method cyber security, phishing emails

#7. Stay Informed

Phishing scams are constantly evolving, so stay informed about the latest tactics. Follow reputable cyber security news sources and be aware of any new scams that might be circulating.

By combining the SLAM method with these additional tips, you can significantly reduce your risk of falling victim to phishing scams.

Remember, cyber security is an ongoing process. Stay vigilant, stay informed, and stay safe!

Conclusion: Become Your Own Phishing Detective

In the ever-evolving landscape of cyber security, the SLAM method stands as a simple yet powerful tool in your arsenal against phishing attacks.

By systematically evaluating the Sender, Links, Attachments, and Message of any suspicious email, you can confidently determine its legitimacy and protect yourself from falling victim to these scams.

Remember, phishing scams rely on deception and urgency to trick you into divulging sensitive information or downloading malware.

Therefore, stay vigilant, apply the SLAM method, and follow the additional security tips I’ve shared above.

Doing this can help you significantly reduce your risk of falling victim to these attacks. And of course your company or business from financial loss.

I encourage you to share your own experiences with phishing scams and any tips you’ve found helpful. Let’s work together and share our knowledge. We can create a safer online environment for everyone!

Remember, with the right information and a little practice, anyone can become a “phishing detective” and slam the door on these cyber threats.

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